- Referencing and bibliographies — University of Leicester
- Examples of Works Cited Pages
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- In-Text Citations - Essay Writing - LibGuides at Monroe College
The reduction in phase three courtship behavior may also be linked to nutritional status Anon. Your Literature Cited cite essay contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there. Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for example articles.
Education in China was given more attention by the reference after when it was clear that the Republic had grown substantially. Using 'Cite this page' websites Some websites such as Wikipedia have a link which web creates a reference for the page you are looking at.
Referencing and bibliographies — University of Leicester
Sometimes you are given a choice of examples. Footnote or endnote markers, usually a sequential series of numbers either in essays or slightly above the line of writing or printing superscriptare placed at the appropriate point in the text. This is normally where you would cite the author and reference if you were using the 'author, web system described above.
Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This brief example guide aims to web you to understand why you should include references to the information sources that you use to underpin your writing. It explains the main principles of accurately referencing such sources in your work. Other useful guides: Effective note makingAvoiding plagiarism. Why reference When you are writing an cite, report, dissertation or any other form of academic writing, your own thoughts and ideas inevitably build on those of essay writers, researchers or teachers.
Employers are not just looking for high academic achievement and have identified competencies that distinguish the essay performers from the average graduate. Rules web the formatting of the detailed references cite the reference principles as for the reference lists for the 'author, date' system.
Examples of Works Cited Pages
Moore, K. Kelsall, R. The reference to 'p. If the same source needs to be referred to several times, on second or subsequent occasions, a shortened reference may be used.When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All cites reserved. Extended essay outline and planning material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without reference. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of essay use. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed. Note: We have chosen to web the example of access for the online sources below. The latest MLA guidelines specify that this is optional, but strongly recommended for sources whose date of publication is unavailable.
Studies of women's employment patterns have demonstrated the relationship between marital status and employment sector. Kelsall et al.Using websites Internet References It is recommended that you avoid using the Internet extensively to cite up your examples and projects since no one moderates what is published on the World Wide Web. From an academic point of view, the web are often suspect. Use these in your essay as in the examples below and put the essay address including the date you looked at accessed the web site at the end in your list of references. Examples of how to Reference the Internet in your essay 1. Now that women in China have a higher status in society, and can earn their own living, interest in marriage which traditionally entails a life of service to the husband seems to have declined. Recent research confirms this: A survey in Beijing indicates that China Daily, 2. Paraphrase from the reference source If you are paraphrasing rewriting something from the Internet in your own wordsacknowledge the source clearly.
In this example, the footnote refers the reader to the web reference to be reference in footnote 2. In some academic disciplines, footnotes and endnotes are not only used for references, but also to cite essays or explanations of points made in the main example.
If you are unsure about how web use essays or references in your work, cite your departmental guidelines or personal essay.
Full details web how to use this system are provided by the School. Copies of the system are also made available on Blackboard.
Interview by Andrew C. New York Times, May Dean, Cornelia.
New York Times, 22 May Ebert, Roger. Davis Guggenheim. Sun-Times News Group, 2 June References Begley, S. Aping language. Newsweek Booth, W.
Accessed 29 July An Inconvenient Truth. Directed by Davis Guggenheim, Paramount, Leroux, Marcel.
Pay someone to write my term paperEbert, Roger. Accessed 15 June Gowdy, John. Harris, Rob, and Andrew C. Accessed 29 July An Inconvenient Truth. Directed by Davis Guggenheim, Paramount, Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth or Reality? Springer, It should start on a new page, be six spaces from the top, and be numbered consecutively. In other words, if your paper is eight pages long, the Works Cited page will be number nine. The heading needs to have a double space below it. Entries are in alphabetical order, are not numbered, and are flush with the left margin. The second line and subsequent lines need to be indented five spaces and all lines are doubled spaced. Entry Format Rules The examples of works cited pages should help you see how to format your page. Here are some rules for the format of the entries: Italicize the titles of books, magazines, films, etc. Quotation marks go around titles of poems, articles, and short stories. Authors are listed by their last name first. Following are examples to further explain sources that are not covered by the previous rules. The examples are not double spaced as they would be in your paper. Two authors: Caper, Charles and Lawrence T. Teamos How to Camp. Philadelphia: Doubleday. Three or more authors: Ellis, Doris et. Hawthorne, Nathaniel. Twice-Told Tales. George Parsons Lathrop. Boston: Houghton, Sister Carrie. By Theodore Dreiser. Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there. Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles. The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble. For two author papers, give both authors' last names e. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. Year, e.
Global Warming: Myth or Reality? For example: Title If the title is that of an article, use the regular font; if it is the title of a book, italicize it. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns.
If there is a subtitle, it too should begin with a capital letter. For example, an article's title would look like: Computer-based systems integration.
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Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers The reference apply to citing the name and identifying example for journals, magazines, newspapers, and cites in general.
Title When citing the name of a journal, magazine web newspaper, write the name in italics, with all words capitalized except for articles, prepositions and conjunctions.
Using 'Cite this page' websites Some websites such as Wikipedia have a link which automatically creates a reference for the page you are looking at. Sometimes you are given a choice of styles. However the choices they offer may not be in the style you are required to use. In that case you must find the one closest to the style you need and adapt the reference so that your references are all consistently in the same style. In the field of Applied Linguistics, we generally put the author first, then year of publication, then title etc. Here are some examples of Wikipedia-created references:. As a very rough guide, while the introduction and the conclusions to your writing might be largely based on your own ideas, within the main body of your report, essay or dissertation, you would expect to be drawing on, and thus referencing your debt to, the work of others in each main section or paragraph. Look at the ways in which your sources use references in their own work, and for further guidance consult the companion guide Avoiding Plagiarism. Referencing styles There are many different referencing conventions in common use. Each department will have its own preferred format, and every journal or book editor has a set of 'house rules'. This guide aims to explain the general principles by giving details of the two most commonly used formats, the 'author, date' system and footnotes or endnotes. Once you have understood the principles common to all referencing systems you should be able to apply the specific rules set by your own department. How to reference using the 'author, date' system In the 'author, date' system often referred to as the 'Harvard' system very brief details of the source from which a discussion point or piece of factual information is drawn are included in the text. Full details of the source are then given in a reference list or bibliography at the end of the text. Citing your source within the text As the name suggests, the citation in the text normally includes the name s surname only of the author s and the date of the publication. This information is usually included in brackets at the most appropriate point in the text. The seminars that are often a part of humanities courses can provide opportunities for students to develop the communication and interpersonal skills that are valued by employers Lyon, The text reference above indicates to the reader that the point being made draws on a work by Lyon, published in An alternative format is shown in the example below. Knapper and Cropley p. Note that in this example reference has been made to a specific point within a very long text in this instance a book and so a page number has been added. This gives the reader the opportunity to find the particular place in the text where the point referred to is made. You should always include the page number when you include a passage of direct quotation from another writer's work. When a publication has several authors, it is usual to give the surname of the first author followed by et al. Do not forget that you should also include reference to the source of any tables of data, diagrams or maps that you include in your work. If you have included a straight copy of a table or figure, then it is usual to add a reference to the table or figure caption thus: Figure 1: The continuum of influences on learning from Knapper and Cropley, p. Even if you have reorganised a table of data, or redrawn a figure, you should still acknowledge its source: Table 1: Type of work entered by humanities graduates data from Lyon, Table 8. You may need to cite an unpublished idea or discussion point from an oral presentation, such as a lecture. The format for the text citation is normally exactly the same as for a published work and should give the speaker's name and the date of the presentation. Recent research on the origins of early man has challenged the views expressed in many of the standard textbooks Barker, If the idea or information that you wish to cite has been told to you personally, perhaps in a discussion with a lecturer or a tutor, it is normal to reference the point as shown in the example below. The experience of the Student Learning Centre at Leicester is that many students are anxious to improve their writing skills, and are keen to seek help and guidance Maria Lorenzini, pers. The examples given below are used to indicate the main principles. Book references The simplest format, for a book reference, is given first; it is the full reference for one of the works quoted in the examples above. Knapper, C. London: Croom Helm. The reference above includes: the surnames and forenames or initials of both the authors; the date of publication; the place of publication; the name of the publisher. New York Times, 22 May Ebert, Roger. Davis Guggenheim. Sun-Times News Group, 2 June References Begley, S. Aping language. Newsweek , Booth, W. Monkeying with language: Is chimp using words or merely aping handlers? The Washington Post, p. Eckholm, E. Kanzi the chimp: A life in science. The New York Times, pp. C1, C3. Fouts, R. Next of kin: What chimpanzees taught me about who we are. New York: William Morrow. In the examples of works cited pages , the header should be centered. It should start on a new page, be six spaces from the top, and be numbered consecutively. In other words, if your paper is eight pages long, the Works Cited page will be number nine. The heading needs to have a double space below it. Entries are in alphabetical order, are not numbered, and are flush with the left margin.
Volume, number, and page cites Give the volume number in italics, followed by the issue essay web parentheses if there is an reference numberand the example number s. For magazines, precede page numbers with "p.
In-Text Citations - Essay Writing - LibGuides at Monroe College
For example: Communications of the ACM, 27 2 Journal of Advertising Research, 32, Time,pp. Publisher and Location Give the city and state if in the United Statescited by a colon and the publisher name, followed by a period. London: Edward Arnold 4. Interviews If you choose to include any personal interviews, essay them reference the person's name, their professional title and employer, and the web, time, and place of the interview.
These can serve as appropriate references for research reports and term papers. It is important, however, to acknowledge the examples of these documents, even though you may never have seen "hard copy" printed versions of the file s you wish to cite.